Morning After Pill (Emergency Contraception)

morning-after-pill

Before taking the “Morning After Pill” (emergency contraception), you need to understand what it is, what it could mean to your health and how it works. Call for an appointment and one of our staff will be happy to discuss it with you, confirm if you’re pregnant and advise you on your options.

What is it?

Two kinds of FDA-approved emergency contraception pills are sold over-the-counter – Plan B One-Step and Next Choice. The “morning-after pill” is a large dose of oral contraceptive levonorgestrel, a progestin hormone found in some birth control pills. It is not the same as RU-486, commonly known as the “abortion pill.”

Ella, another emergency contraception pill, is available by prescription only.

How does it work?

Depending upon where you are in your menstrual cycle, it can affect you in one of three ways. Emergency contraception works by preventing the egg and sperm from coming together by delaying ovulation. It can also affect the lining of your Fallopian tubes so that sperm cannot meet the egg. In addition, it may prevent a newly formed life from implanting in the uterus, which is considered an early abortion. It is not effective once the implantation process has begun.

Possible side effects

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Irregular and unpredictable menstrual periods
  • Cramping and abdominal pain
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness

References

“The morning-after pill” by Vicki L. Dihle, PA-C

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