STD/HIV Education for Men & Women
Sexually transmitted diseases can be spread through vaginal, anal and oral sex. If you or your partner are sexually active outside of marriage or a committed, monogamous relationship, you could be at risk – even if you use a condom every single time. PACN offers free and confidential testing for Chlamydia, Gonorrhea and HIV.
Chlamydia is a common bacterial STD that potentially can cause permanent damage to a woman’s reproductive organs if left untreated. It is one of the most frequently reported bacterial STDs in the United States. It often shows no signs or symptoms, which is why it is sometimes called the “silent sterilizer.” It can be passed from mother to her newborn during childbirth and chlamydia can even be found in the throats of women and men who have had oral sex with an infected partner. Symptoms The majority of women and half of men do not experience symptoms, and the disease may not even be diagnosed until complications develop. If symptoms occur, they usually appear within 1 to 3 weeks following exposure. Women may experience vaginal discharge or a burning sensation when urinating. They may also experience abdominal pain, lower back pain, nausea, fever, pain during sex and bleeding between menstrual periods. Men may notice a discharge from the penis and a burning sensation when urinating, and pain or swelling in the testicles. Chlamydia – Get the Facts. Snowflake: Heritage House, 2011. Print.
Gonorrhea is a widespread bacterial STD. The Centers for Disease Control estimates that over 700,000 people in the U.S. develop a new Gonorrhea infection each year. Gonorrhea is spread through contact with the penis, vagina, mouth, or anus, and can also be passed from mother to baby during delivery. Even if you do not experience symptoms, a gonorrhea infection can cause serious complications. The organism that causes gonorrhea is rapidly becoming resistant to treatment with most antibiotics. Symptoms
For men, symptoms can take as long as 30 days to appear.
- Burning sensation when urinating
- White, yellow or green discharge from penis
- Painful or swollen testicles
For women, symptoms are usually mild and many have no symptoms at all. They may be confused for a vaginal or bladder infection.
- Painful or burning sensation when urinating
- Increased vaginal discharge
- Vaginal bleeding between periods
Gonorrhea – Get the Facts. Snowflake: Heritage House, 2010. Print.
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is the virus that leads to AIDS. It can be passed from one person to another through sexual and blood-to-blood contact. An infected pregnant woman can pass HIV to her baby during pregnancy or delivery, and also through breast feeding. HIV can be transmitted through anal, oral or vaginal sex with an infected person. It is possible to contract HIV by sharing needles or injection equipment with an HIV-positive person. Symptoms The only way to know if you have HIV is to get tested. Many symptoms of HIV are similar to other diseases, and some people have HIV for years without experiencing symptoms. Initial symptoms of HIV infection mimic a cold or flu. HIV/AIDS – Get the Facts. Snowflake: Heritage House, 2010. Print.