Take charge of your health by protecting yourself & those you care about.
What Are STD’s?
Also called sexual transmitted infections or STIs, are infections you catch during sex. Some STDs are caused by bacteria, other are caused by viruses or parasites. These infections can be transmitted by any type of sex, including vaginal, oral, anal and other types of sex play. The most common STDs include:
- Genital herpes
- HPV (can cause genital warts and in some woman cervical cancer)
- Hepatitis B and C (can cause chronic liver disease and Liver cancer)
- HIV (This is the virus that produces AIDS).
STDs can produce a wide range of symptoms depending on the type of infection and its severity. In many cases it can by asymptotic (thus increasing the chances of catching or spreading the disease).
In general, STD causes local symptoms including vaginal discharge, itching and irritation, burning, sores or genital ulcers. With time in can spread to other parts of the body, affecting the cervix (cervicitis), Uterus (endometritis), and fallopian tubes (salpingitis). More advance cases produce pelvic inflammatory disease with fever, pelvic and abdominal pain, pelvic abscess (pus collections), sepsis and on rare occasions death.
Chronic or recurrent infections can lead to chronic pelvic pain, adhesions (scar tissue), infertility or pregnancy complications among others.
Some sexual transmitted infections can produce complications during pregnancy, including increase risks of pre-term labor or uterine infections at the time of delivery. They can also cause congenital malformation including bone and teeth deformations, liver disease in the newborn, brain damage, mental retardation and even fetal death.
If you think you might be pregnant, as part of your pregnancy test confirmation visit, please feel free to speak to one of our Client Care managers about the importance of receiving an STD test during your visit. This service is for our confirmed positive pregnancy test clients only.
If you are not a pregnancy test client click HERE to be directed to Montgomery County Public Health Clinic’s website to schedule an STD test with them.